Reviewing by : A.J. Kassem

   Praise be to the Eternal God whose qualities are perfect. Exalted be the Pure who is above any defect. We testify that there is no God to be worshipped but Allah alone - There is nothing other than Him who creates, commands and questions and we testify that Mohammad is His prophet and messenger. O Allah! Send blessings upon him. O Allah! We ask You to grant us Paradise and to protect us from Hellfire.

This is a short article containing some Qur’anic verses which mention logical proofs of Allah’s wisdom, knowledge, love, goodness, and destiny  for both believers to increase in faith as well as those who believe in the existence of Allah as a creator, but don’t believe that they will be questioned  on the Day of Judgment.

The Creator did not create only one creature - He created uncountable creatures and objects, continues to create and is able to revive the dead on Doomsday. Allah says in the Quran:

{ أَوَلَيْسَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَى أَنْ يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُمْ بَلَى وَهُوَ الْخَلَّاقُ الْعَلِيمُ} [يس: 81]

‘’Is not He who created the heavens and the earth able to create the likes of them? Yes (it is so), and He is the All-Knowing Creator ‘’. (Yasin81)

He also says:

 { مَا خَلْقُكُمْ وَلَا بَعْثُكُمْ إِلَّا كَنَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ } [لقمان: 28]

’’Your creation and your resurrection will not be but as that of a single soul. Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing’’ (Luqman 28)

The Creator created beings in stages and pairs as in male and female animals and plants and is capable of reviving people on the Day of Judgment.

 {أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِنْ مَنِيٍّ يُمْنَى (37) ثُمَّ كَانَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقَ فَسَوَّى (38) فَجَعَلَ مِنْهُ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنْثَى (39) أَلَيْسَ ذَلِكَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَى أَنْ يُحْيِيَ الْمَوْتَى} [القيامة: 37 - 40]

“Was he not a sperm from semen ejaculated? (38) Then he was a blood clot and (Allah) created (his form), proportioned (him) (39) and made of him two mates, male and female (40) Is not that (Creator) able to give life to the dead ?’’ (Al-Qiyamah 38-41)

If somebody believes in the Creator, he must believe that He is the one who made the first creation and that he is able to repeat it.

{وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَهُوَ أَهْوَنُ عَلَيْهِ} [الروم: 27]

‘’And it is He who begins creation then He repeats it, and that is even easier for Him’’ (Ar-Rum 27)

He who carries the heaviest things is also able to carry the lightest, and He who controls the biggest things like the skies and the earth is able to perfect the smallest, like people, as Allah says:

{لَخَلْقُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ أَكْبَرُ مِنْ خَلْقِ النَّاسِ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ (57) وَمَا يَسْتَوِي الْأَعْمَى وَالْبَصِيرُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَلَا الْمُسِيءُ قَلِيلًا مَا تَتَذَكَّرُونَ (58) إِنَّ السَّاعَةَ لَآتِيَةٌ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهَا وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ } [غافر: 56 - 59]

‘’The creation of heaven and earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most people do not know (57) and not equal are the blind and the seeing, nor are those who believe and do righteous deeds, and the evildoers - little do you (all) remember (58) Indeed the Hour is coming, no doubt about it, but most of the people do not believe ‘’ (Ghafir 56-59) 

The states of creatures change from sleep to wakefulness, from power to weakness, from life to death. The appearance of the moon changes from crescent to full and the sun at sunrise, sunset and midday. Therefore, the Creator who changes the things from one state to another is able to change the state of this world to the phase of judgment, as Allah says:

 {إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْشَقَّتْ (1) وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتْ (2) وَإِذَا الْأَرْضُ مُدَّتْ (3) وَأَلْقَتْ مَا فِيهَا وَتَخَلَّتْ (4) وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتْ (5) يَا أَيُّهَا الْإِنْسَانُ إِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ إِلَى رَبِّكَ كَدْحًا فَمُلَاقِيهِ (6) فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ (7) فَسَوْفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَابًا يَسِيرًا (8) وَيَنْقَلِبُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُورًا (9) وَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ وَرَاءَ ظَهْرِهِ (10) فَسَوْفَ يَدْعُو ثُبُورًا (11) وَيَصْلَى سَعِيرًا (12) إِنَّهُ كَانَ فِي أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُورًا (13) إِنَّهُ ظَنَّ أَنْ لَنْ يَحُورَ (14) بَلَى إِنَّ رَبَّهُ كَانَ بِهِ بَصِيرًا (15) فَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالشَّفَقِ (16) وَاللَّيْلِ وَمَا وَسَقَ (17) وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا اتَّسَقَ (18) لَتَرْكَبُنَّ طَبَقًا عَنْ طَبَقٍ (19) فَمَا لَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ (20) } [الانشقاق: 1 - 20]

“When the sky has split (open) (2) and has responded to its Lord and was obligated to do so (3) And when the earth was extended (4) and  cast out what was within it and relinquished (it) (5) And responded to its Lord  and was obligated (to do so) (6) O mankind ! indeed you are laboring  toward your Lord with (great) exertion and will meet Him (7) As for he who is given his record in his right hand (8) He will be judged with an easy account (9) And return to his people in happiness (10) But as for he who is given his record behind his back (11) he will cry out for destruction (12) And enter the blaze (13) Indeed he had (once) been among his people in happiness (14) Indeed he had thought he would never return (to Allah) (15) But yes ! Indeed his Lord always sees him  (16) I swear by the twilight glow (17) And (by) the night and what it envelops (18) And (by) the moon when it becomes full (19) (That) you will surely experience state after state (20) So what is (the matter) with them (that) they do not believe? ‘’ (Al-Inshiqaq 1-20)

All over the world, babies are constantly being born while other people, plants and animals are dying. This implies that the Creator can revive the dead any time, as Allah says:

 {إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْيِي وَنُمِيتُ وَإِلَيْنَا الْمَصِيرُ (43) يَوْمَ تَشَقَّقُ الْأَرْضُ عَنْهُمْ سِرَاعًا ذَلِكَ حَشْرٌ عَلَيْنَا يَسِيرٌ } [ق: 43، 44]

‘’Indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and to Us is the final destination (44) On the Day the earth exposes them and they emerge rapidly, that is a gathering easy for Us to arrange‘’ (Qaf 43-44)

Furthermore, the one who gives life to millions of living plants fertilized by waste and dead materials is able to give life to people on the Day of Judgment, as Allah says,

 {وَتَرَى الْأَرْضَ هَامِدَةً فَإِذَا أَنْزَلْنَا عَلَيْهَا الْمَاءَ اهْتَزَّتْ وَرَبَتْ وَأَنْبَتَتْ مِنْ كُلِّ زَوْجٍ بَهِيجٍ (5) ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْحَقُّ وَأَنَّهُ يُحْيِ الْمَوْتَى وَأَنَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ (6) وَأَنَّ السَّاعَةَ آتِيَةٌ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهَا وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ مَنْ فِي الْقُبُورِ} [الحج: 5- 7]

“And you see the earth barren, but We send down upon it rain, it quivers, swells and grows (something) of every beautiful kind (6) That is because Allah is the Truth and because He gives life to the dead and because He is able to do all things (7) And (that they may know) that the Hour is coming – no doubt about it – and that Allah will resurrect those in the graves‘’ (Al-Haj 5 – 7)

The Creator created the brightest minds and endowed them with wisdom because He is Wise. Surely the Wise rewards the good-doer and punishes the evil-doer like a boss with hard working and lazy employees. Anyone who pretends that the Wise and Merciful Creator will treat these two types equally and leave them without accountability has accused Him of absurdity and falsehood.

 {أَفَحَسِبْتُمْ أَنَّمَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ عَبَثًا وَأَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا تُرْجَعُونَ} [المؤمنون: 115]

“Then did you think that We created you uselessly and that to Us you would not be returned?” (Al-Muminoon 115)

 {وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاءَ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا بَاطِلًا ذَلِكَ ظَنُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَوَيْلٌ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنَ النَّارِ (27) أَمْ نَجْعَلُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ كَالْمُفْسِدِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَمْ نَجْعَلُ الْمُتَّقِينَ كَالْفُجَّارِ} [ص: 27، 28]

“And We did not create the heaven and the earth and what is between them with no purpose. That is the assumption of those who disbelieve, so woe to those who disbelieve from the fire (28) Or should We treat those who believe and do righteous deeds like corrupters in the land? Or should We treat those who fear Allah like the wicked?’’ (Sad 27 - 28)

 {هَلْ جَزَاءُ الْإِحْسَانِ إِلَّا الْإِحْسَانُ} [الرحمن: 60]

‘’Is the reward of good (anything) but good?’’ (Ar-Rahman 60)

{ أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ أَنْ يَسْبِقُونَا سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ} [العنكبوت: 4]

‘’ Or do those who do evil deeds think they can escape Us? Their conclusion is evil. (Al-Ankabut 4)

If the boss keeps records of his employees’ absences, attendance, and performance but doesn’t treat them accordingly. He would be foolish to not benefit from the information that he has access to. In order to correctly believe in the Creator, we must believe in His knowledge of every creature and his inner and outer workings. Whosoever has precise data on conscious beings with free will wouldn’t keep it uselessly, but rather use it to judge each one.

 {يَوْمَ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّهُ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُهُمْ بِمَا عَمِلُوا أَحْصَاهُ اللَّهُ وَنَسُوهُ وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ (6) أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ مَا يَكُونُ مِنْ نَجْوَى ثَلَاثَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ رَابِعُهُمْ وَلَا خَمْسَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ سَادِسُهُمْ وَلَا أَدْنَى مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَلَا أَكْثَرَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَعَهُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كَانُوا ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُمْ بِمَا عَمِلُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ} [المجادلة: 6- 7 ]

“On the Day when Allah will resurrect them all and inform them of what they did - Allah had enumerated it while they forgot and Allah is a witness over all things. (7) Have you not considered that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is on the earth? There is in no private conversation between three except that He is the fourth of them, nor between five but He is the sixth of them – and no less than that and no more except that He is with them wherever they are. Then, on the Day of Resurrection, He will inform them of what they did. Indeed Allah knows all things”. (Al-Mujadala 6 – 7)

‘’But those who disbelieve say:

 {وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَا تَأْتِينَا السَّاعَةُ قُلْ بَلَى وَرَبِّي لَتَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْزُبُ عَنْهُ مِثْقَالُ ذَرَّةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا أَصْغَرُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَلَا أَكْبَرُ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُبِينٍ}[سبأ: 3]

“The Hour will not come to us” Say, “Yes, by my Lord, it will surely come to you. Allah is the knower of the unseen”. Not absent from him is an atom’s weight within the Heavens or the earth or what is smaller than that or greater, except that it is in a clear record’’. (Saba’ 3)

The One who created the creatures is their Owner. Logically, there comes a day when all owned things will testify that they are owned by their Creator. Allah says,

 {بَلْ قَالُوا مِثْلَ مَا قَالَ الْأَوَّلُونَ (81) قَالُوا أَإِذَا مِتْنَا وَكُنَّا تُرَابًا وَعِظَامًا أَإِنَّا لَمَبْعُوثُونَ (82) لَقَدْ وُعِدْنَا نَحْنُ وَآبَاؤُنَا هَذَا مِنْ قَبْلُ إِنْ هَذَا إِلَّا أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ (83) قُلْ لِمَنِ الْأَرْضُ وَمَنْ فِيهَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ (84) سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ قُلْ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ } [المؤمنون: 81 - 85] 

“Rather they say like what the former peoples said (82) They said ‘’When we die and become dust and bones, are we indeed to be resurrected?’’ (83) We have been promised this and our forefathers before. This is only a myth of the past” (84) Say, to whom belongs the earth and whosoever is in it if you know?’’ (85) They will say “To Allah”. Say “Then will you not remember?” (Al-Muminoon 81-85)

 {لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ تُرْجَعُ الْأُمُورُ} [الحديد: 5] 

“The dominion of the heavens and earth is HIs And to all matters end with him” (Al-Hadid 5)

People must rely on their Creator because He is their Supporter. He causes them to live and die. He created humans and animals. He created children from men and women. He created the skies and earth and He has their keys. He also controls creatures’ wealth and sustenance, increasing it or decreasing it. He has absolute power and absolute knowledge and nothing is like Him.

 {حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ تَوَفَّتْهُ رُسُلُنَا وَهُمْ لَا يُفَرِّطُونَ (61) ثُمَّ رُدُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ مَوْلَاهُمُ الْحَقِّ أَلَا لَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَهُوَ أَسْرَعُ الْحَاسِبِينَ} [الأنعام: 61، 62]

’’Until when death comes to one of you, Our messengers take him, and they do not fail (in their duties) (62) Then they are returned to Allah their True Lord. His is the judgment, and He is the swiftest of accountants’’ (Al-An’am  61-62)

وَقَالُوا أَإِذَا ضَلَلْنَا فِي الْأَرْضِ أَإِنَّا لَفِي خَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ بَلْ هُمْ بِلِقَاءِ رَبِّهِمْ كَافِرُونَ (10)

‘’And they say, ’’When are we lost within the earth, will we indeed be a new creation? “Rather, they are disbelievers in the meeting with their Lord.’’ (Assajda 10)

{وَأَنَّ إِلَى رَبِّكَ الْمُنْتَهَى} [النجم: 42] 

“And your end is with your Lord.’’ (An-Najm 42)

 { إِلَى رَبِّكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ الْمُسْتَقَرُّ} [القيامة: 12]

“To your Lord that Day is the place of permanence” (Al-Qiyamah 12)

 { إِنَّ إِلَى رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَى} [العلق: 8]

‘’Indeed to your Lord is the return’’ (Al-Alaq 8)

 {أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِنْ لِقَاءِ رَبِّهِمْ} [فصلت: 54]

“Aren’t they in doubt about the meeting with their Lord?” (Alfusilat 54)

 {إِنْ كُلُّ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِلَّا آتِي الرَّحْمَنِ عَبْدًا} [مريم: 93]

‘’There is no one in the heavens and earth except that he comes back to the Most Merciful as a servant’’ (Maryam 93)


The return of the creations to their Lord and Sustainer is truth and not a myth as people who deny the resurrection beieve.

Anyone who decides to test people fairly should ensure for them a suitable place, a suitable time, and a suitable environment. The Creator has prepared this world to be a place for a test of our faith and intentions. It starts by reaching maturity through different ages. Allah says:

 {وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَكُمْ خَلَائِفَ الْأَرْضِ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَكُمْ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ دَرَجَاتٍ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ فِي مَا آتَاكُمْ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ سَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ (165) } [الأنعام: 165] 

“And it is He who has made you successors upon the earth and has raised some of you above others in degrees (of rank) that He may try you through what He has given you. Indeed your Lord is swift in penalty and indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful’’ (Al-An’am 165)

Similar to other, smaller tests, the test of this life has a time-limit, as Allah says in the Quran:

 {أَوَلَمْ يَتَفَكَّرُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ مَا خَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنَ النَّاسِ بِلِقَاءِ رَبِّهِمْ لَكَافِرُونَ} [الروم: 8] 

‘’Do they not contemplate themselves? Allah has not created the heavens, earth and what is between them except in truth and for a specified term. And indeed many of the people in the meeting with their Lord are disbelievers’’ (Ar-Rum 8)

He decided that the test should come to an end at the death of each person after which there is no return:

{ أَلَمْ يَرَوْا كَمْ أَهْلَكْنَا قَبْلَهُمْ مِنَ الْقُرُونِ أَنَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ لَا يَرْجِعُونَ (31) وَإِنْ كُلٌّ لَمَّا جَمِيعٌ لَدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ} [يس: 31، 32]

“Have they not considered how many generations We destroyed before them – that they to them will not return, and, indeed, all of them will be brought present before Us’’ (Yassin 31, 32)

Regarding this material world being a stage for judgement, suitable tools have been provided for the exam such as all things needed for a complete life, such as water from clouds and wells and food from animals and plants. He provided the sun, moon and stars to know the date, time, directions, and seasons. He provided the rivers and the seas which are a source of food, beauty and transportation for ships. He provided spouses for companionship and to have children. He provided air to breathe, winds, and rain. Allah says:

 {وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا (70) يَوْمَ نَدْعُو كُلَّ أُنَاسٍ بِإِمَامِهِمْ فَمَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَأُولَئِكَ يَقْرَءُونَ كِتَابَهُمْ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا (71) وَمَنْ كَانَ فِي هَذِهِ أَعْمَى فَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ أَعْمَى وَأَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا (72)} [الإسراء: 70 - 72]

“And We have certainly honored the children of Adam, carried them on the land and sea, provided for them of the good things and raised them above much of what We have created, with preference  (71) (Mention) the Day We will call forth every people with their record (of deeds) then whoever is given his record in his right hand – those will read their records, and injustice will not be done to them, (even) as much as a thread (on a date seed) (72) And whoever is blind in this (life) will be blind in the hereafter and more astray” (Al-Isra’a 70 - 72)

 { وَلَقَدْ مَكَّنَّاكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَجَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ فِيهَا مَعَايِشَ} [الأعراف:10]

And He said: “And We have certainly established you upon the earth and made for you therein ways of livelihood” (Al-‘Aaraf 10)

The Creator decided to vary the components of the exam, He prepared for them things that they may use or abuse. Money, for example, can be earned and spent in good or bad ways. Also, mating can be within the bonds of marriage or through debauchery. Allah says:

{كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ وَنَبْلُوكُمْ بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً وَإِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ} [الأنبياء: 35]

‘’Every soul will taste death. And We test you with evil and good as a trial, and to Us you will be returned’’ (Al-Anbiyah 35)

The Creator is knowing, hearing, seeing, observing, witnessing, subtle, acquainted, Knower of the Unseen, true, and perfect in justice. To Him will be the outcome of all things and to Him is the return. He is the Protector and nothing is like Him. He is the One who created the heavens and earth and holds their keys and secrets.  He commands the sustenance of creations and their numbers of descendants of creatures. He is the Lord of the Worlds who has decreed destiny and on whom we depend. Anyone who denies the Day of Judgment has attributed a defect to the Creator, such as the incapability of reviving the dead and ignorance because He will leave people without judgment as well as weakness and harshness because He will not take revenge from the criminals or reward the good with good.

Anyone who denies the truth of the Day of Judgment after understanding the clear signs that it is coming lives in an illusion far from reality. The Creator is the only Creator. He started creation , He created the biggest and smallest of things, mates, night and day, sleep and wakefulness, and created life and death. The Creator is wise and fair. He rewards those who do good with good. He is merciful, loving, and thankful. As for how he deals with oppressors, He is Exalted in Might, the Owner of Retribution, Powerful, and Severe in Penalty. He can do anything and is grand, superior, and encompassing of all things.

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