THE QUR’AN IS THE GREATEST MIRACLE

Reviewing by : A.J. Kassem

Written by: IBN TAYMIYA 

 History shows that the miracles associated with the Prophet of Mohammad are numerous and varied. While the word miracle doesn’t exist in the Qur’an nor the sayings of the Prophet, similar words were used, such as sign (ayah), evidence (bayinnah), and proof (burhan). Allah, the Almighty, mentioned the following about Musa’s stick, which turned into a snake, and hand, which turned white, {“These are two burhans from your Lord”} (28:32). Allah also said in the Quran, {“O mankind, Verily, there has come to you a convincing proof from your Lord and We sent down to you a manifest light”} (4:174).

 

Some of the miracles of the Prophet Mohammad were time-bound, like the miracles of Moses and Jesus, while some of them continue until today, like the Qur’an, the knowledge and faith of his followers and how they preserved the prophetic traditions. The just and complete Islamic legal system is also a sign of prophecy as well as his predictions that have or will come true, such as, “there will be no resurrection before a fire comes out from the land of Hijaz. It will shine so strongly that people will see the camels’ necks in Basra” (narrated by Muslim). Indeed a fire burned there in the Islamic year 655 and people in the Hijaz saw the camels’ necks in Basra.
 

The Prophet Mohammad said that, “Any prophet who came (with revelation) was armed with miracles to convince people of his truthfulness. Mine is a divine inspiration that Allah sent to me. I hope that my followers will be the most numerous on the Day of Judgement”. (narrated by Albukhari).

 

The Qur’an is a miracle in its eloquence and semantics, rhythm and style, information about the unknown, logic and arguments, and undisputed majesty. It is neither poetry nor prose. Its rhythm is not that of human speech. The coherence of the Qur’an is supernatural and clear to any sensible person.

 

{And, indeed, We have fully explained to mankind in this Qur’an every example, but most of mankind refuse (to believe and persist) in disbelief} (17:89)

 

{And, indeed, We have put forth every kind of example in this Qur’an for mankind, but man is a most argumentative thing} (18:54)

 

{And, indeed, We have put forth for men, in this Qur’an, every kind of similitude in order that they may remember - An Arabic Qur’an, without any crookedness (therein) in order that they may avoid all evil which Allah has ordered them to avoid, fear Him and keep their duty to Him} (39:27-28)

 

The Qur’an, itself, challenges anyone who may deny it to prove their position.

 

{Say, if all of mankind and the jinn were to get together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another} (17:88)

 

This challenge was to all intelligent creations that have heard the Qur’an from the moment it was issued until today. The disbelievers were so eager to defraud the Qur’an that they tried every possible way. Sometimes, they went to the scholars of the Jews and Christians and asked them about the stories of Joseph, the people of the cave, and Dhul-Qarnain. Other times, they met in groups to decide what to say about the Prophet. Sometimes they said he was a fool, other times a wizard, a fortuneteller, or a poet.  However, no one has ever written anything that people agree is as magnificent as the speech of the Creator.

 

Allah says, {This Qur’an is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allah} (10:37). He challenged those who may deny the Quran in several instances. In chronological order, the challenges were, first to produce a book like the Quran, then, to produce ten chapters like those in the Quran, and, finally, to produce only one chapter equal in all aspects to a chapter of the Quran.

 

Allah, the Almighty, said, {“Or do they say “He has forged it? Actually they don’t believe. Let them then produce a recital like unto it (the Qur’an) if they are truthful”} (52:34).

 

{“Or they say, “He forged it”. Say, “Bring you then ten forged Surahs (chapters) like unto it, and call whosoever you can other than Allah (to your help), if you speak the truth.”} (11:13)


{“And this Qur’an is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allah (Lord of the heavens and the earth), but it is a confirmation of (the revelation) which was before it, and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. laws , decreed for mankind) – wherein there is no doubt – from the Lord of the worlds . Or do they say, “He (Mohammad) has forged it? Say, “Then bring one chapter like it and call upon whomsoever you can besides Allah, if you are truthful”.} (10:37-38)

 

Then, the verse was revealed, {If then they do not answer you, then know that it (the Qur’an) is sent down with the knowledge of Allah and that none has the right to be worshipped but Him” (10:14)

 

While the above verses were revealed in Makkah, the center of Arabic poetry, trade, and worship at the time, the challenge to match the Quran in its perfection was repeated in Al-Madinah after the migration of the Prophet and his companions:

 

{And if you are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (the Qur’an) to Our slave (Mohammad), then produce a chapter similar to it and call your supporters besides Allah, if you are truthful. But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers.} (2:23-2)
 

It may be that part of the miracle of the Quran is that people are psychologically prevented from attempting to create similar writings. It is that Allah has made people unable to think of opposing it although they may have the tools to attempt to do so.

 

Some people tried to write something to challenge the Quran, but they produced nonsense. The most famous example is the writings of someone known as Musaylima, the liar. He wrote, “O frog, daughter of two frogs, croak as much as you croak. You don’t agitate the water, nor do you prevent the drinker. Your head is in water and your rear is in mud”. Failures like this attempt further supported the divine nature of the Qur’an and the legitimacy of the prophethood of Mohammad.

 

The miracle of the meaning of the Quran is not only limited to that of its style. All of the scholars of the world are unable to produce the like of its meanings as much as the Arabs are unable to produce the like of its wording. The fact that the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) share some similar themes with the Qur’an is because they are also Books of Allah. Jesus, for example, revived the dead and other prophets did so, as well. Furthermore, scholars of comparative religion have mentioned that the difference between the Qur’an and other heavenly books is not limited to wording and style alone.

 

The goal of the Prophet was for people to believe in him so that they could live better and please the Creator. He fulfilled his mission regardless of what was said about him. He invited people to believe in the truth and live by it from the time he was in Makkah and his followers were few until his last days in Al-Madinah when all of the Arabs followed him and, eventually, much of the world. The Quran, which has been copied in to millions of books and memorized by hundreds of thousands of people, is a testament to the truthfulness of the Prophet Mohammad and a source of guidance for mankind until the end of time.





The article is available in the following languages