THE TEN COMMANDMENTS IN SURAT ALAN’AAM
Allah, the Most High, revealed in the Quran, what is translated as:
Say, "Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you - that you not associate anything with Him, and treat your parents well, and do not kill your children out of poverty; We will provide for you and them. And do not approach indecency – neither open nor secret. And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden except in justice. This has He instructed you that you may understand with reason. And do not consume the orphan's property except in a way that is best until he reaches maturity. And give full measure and weight in justice. We do not burden any soul except with what it is able to bear. And when you testify, be just, even with a close relative. And fulfil the covenant of Allah. This He has instructed you to do so that you may realize the truth. And, this is my path, which is straight, so follow it; and do not follow other paths, for you will be separated from His way. This, He has instructed you so that you may become righteous. (6:151-153)
The ten commandments, as found in this chapter, are :
- Do not associate anything with Allah in worship. To associate with Allah is to worship a creature in the same way as to worship Allah, or to glorify it as should be done with Allah only. When a person doesn’t associate anything with Allah, he becomes a monotheist with sincerity to his Creator. This is the first right of Allah upon His servants.
Whoever thinks that Allah has an associate does not diminish the power and kingdom of Allah, but he suffers from misunderstanding and misdirection. Allah, the Most high, says, “Show me those whom you have associated with Him as partners. No! Rather, He [alone] is Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise." (43:27)
- Give your parents the best treatment. The most important right after the Creator’s is the parents’ right. He orders us to treat them well in obedience to them using kind words. Any word or deed which causes benefit and happiness to the parents is considered to be good conduct, and their preferences should be respected always, except when they directly conflict with Allah’s commandments and prohibitions.
- Do not kill your children for fear of poverty. This prohibition includes both the infanticide that was practiced in the pre-Islamic era as well as the abortions that have become prevalent in western societies. Since it is forbidden to kill one’s children, this means that it is also forbidden to kill anyone else, or to kill other people’s children as well. Allah says that “We will provide for you and them’’.
- Do not approach indecency, which includes all the major sins as well as the means that lead to them, both in public and private.
- Do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden. This prohibition forbids the killing of innocent people in all circumstances, whether they be Muslims or non-Muslims, males or females, old people or children.
- Do not consume the orphan's property without any reason, except in a way that is best. This means that those who are responsible for safeguarding orphan’s property and finances should not spend or withdraw from them except to invest them on behalf of the orphan and to take a modest salary for this care if he or she is in need of it. in a way that improves his money so that he takes benefit of it . When the orphan reaches maturity, he or she will be given the money and property to manage.
- Give full measure and weight in justice. While this commandment apparently applies to merchants, traders, and salesmen, it is also a general command for all people to be fair in their interactions with others. If anyone does his best to be fair and a mistake is done unwillingly and without knowing, then Allah is Merciful and Forgiving.
- Give truthful testimony, even if it is against a near relative. Be fair when you judge between people and give your opinion about their words and statements. Be just when you speak, and tell the truth to both whom you love and whom you hate. Justice is compulsory, and prejudice is forbidden in all circumstances.
- Fulfill Allah’s covenant; This includes the covenant that people gave to Allah to worship Him alone and obey Him, as well as all covenants between people. All covenants must be fulfilled, and it is prohibited to revoke them.
- Follow the straight path of Allah; This is a general commandment which encompasses all of the ones previously mentioned. The path of Allah leads to Him and His paradise. It is a path which is moderate, easy and direct. Follow it so that you gain success and you reach happiness, and do not follow other ways which are different from Allah’s path lest you be separated from His way.
Allah has given us these commandments so that we may become righteous. If we abide by the rules that Allah has specified by knowing and practicing them, we will be among the pious ones and among the successful servants of God. Allah has chosen this path for us because it is the best for our minds, bodies and souls. It is our choice to recognize and follow it in order that we may become righteous and attain paradise.
1 – “Taysir Al Karim Ar Rahman fi Tafsir Kalam Al Mannan’’ by Sheikh Abd ArRahman Nasr AlSaadi
2- “At Tafsir Al Muyassar” by a group of scholars, issued by the King Fahd Complex for Quran printing