Observable evidence of the Truth of Allah‟s Existence

Written by : A.J. Kassem

Allah has created us to be part of a physical world where we are unable to directly perceive Him with our senses. He put us here for the limited time during our adult lives to test us as to whether or not we acknowledge our responsibility to live righteously and the degrees to which we fulfill this responsibility.


{ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْمَوْتَ وَالْحَيَاةَ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ أَيُّكُمْ أَحْسَنُ عَمَلًا } [الملك: 2]


[He is the one] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in behavior (67:2)


The nature of this test is that, although we do know by instinct, observation and logic that there must be One Creator who is separate and different from all of His creation in His being, we are not able to see Him with our eyes over us as we live our lives. If we were able to do so, we would have no problems living in strict obedience to His commands and directives and there would be no difference between us and His angels, whom he referred to in the following quranic verse:


{يَخَافُونَ رَبَّهُمْ مِنْ فَوْقِهِمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ} [النحل: 50]


They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded. (16:50)


The reality is that this is not the case and our natures are different from that of the angels and all other creation whom was not granted free will and the ability to be aware of and adjust their own intentions to live responsibly. Still, for those of us who understand the Quran to be what it claims to be (the final revelation preserved until the end of humanity), or at least consider this to be a possibility, it is our test to live by what we find in it as those who submit out of our own free will. Imagine a child who obeys his parents while in their presence but acts naughty when he believes that they are not looking at him, even though the parents may be looking from a place that he cannot see them or have other ways of checking on him. As he matures, he will become aware that there is little chance of actually disobeying them while he is still under their care, as they will eventually come to know how he has been spending his time, what his grade reports are in school, and if anything catastrophic happens to him as a result of carelessness on his part.

Eventually, he may reach the state of appreciating their care and guidance for him while he was young and keeping their wise encouragements, warnings, and advices with him wherever he may be because morality has been inculcated within himself. Allah is more deserving of our devotion and obedience than the most loving parent and the strictest monitoring system. Umar ibn al- Khattab reported that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said that Allah is more merciful to his servants than a mother is to her child”.1


Despite every indication that this universe is a product of the intelligent design of a Creator that is above and beyond the known laws of nature, some people who choose to disbelieve in this reality demand to “see” Allah in an attempt to extinguish the light of His truth, knowing that it is no persons prerogative or ability to facilitate this. They are, in effect, refusing to have an objective discussion or even consider the reality that this universe was created by something and that nothing comes from nothing and everything comes from something; the Irresistible One who wills them in to being:


{ بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَإِذَا قَضَى أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ} [البقرة: 117]


[He is the] Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to

it, "Be," and it is. (2:117)


Since the days that the Quran was being revealed, its deniers demanded that miracles would be produced on demand before they would believe in it, engage in an objective dialogue, or even accede that Muslims‟ belief in the Creator that originated the heavens and the Earth is just as, if not more valid than their non-belief in Him, while they offer nothing as an alternative theory to explain the existence of everything observable. The truth is that not being able to see something with the naked eye is no more of a valid argument for its non-existence than a child can make a person that it is shy of or scared from disappear by burying its face to not see him:


{وَقَالُوا لَنْ نُؤْمِنَ لَكَ حَتَّى تَفْجُرَ لَنَا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ يَنْبُوعًا (90) أَوْ تَكُونَ لَكَ جَنَّةٌ مِنْ نَخِيلٍ وَعِنَبٍ فَتُفَجِّرَ الْأَنْهَارَ خِلَالَهَا تَفْجِيرًا (91) أَوْ تُسْقِطَ السَّمَاءَ كَمَا زَعَمْتَ عَلَيْنَا كِسَفًا أَوْ تَأْتِيَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةِ قَبِيلًا (92)} [الإسراء: 90 – 92]


And they say, "We will not believe you until you break open for us from the ground a spring or you have a garden of palm trees and grapes and make rivers gush forth within them in abundance or you make the heaven fall upon us in fragments as you have claimed or you bring Allah and the angels [before us]. (17:90-92)


Therefore, the best observational evidence that there is a creator is each and everything that can be observed, for each of these things had a beginning and must have an ending, at least in its current form. The question remains – where did the materials for each of these things come from? To merely say that it existed is skirting the question, as we are asking about its origin. The big bang is not an answer in itself, as the theory discusses the process by which the known universe evolved from a singular infinitely dense point of matter/energy which exploded in to increasingly complex structures under the influence of the known laws of nature, namely gravitational force, electromagnetic force, and strong and weak nuclear forces. Who or what brought this matter and energy in to existence? To say that it brought itself in to existence is an impossibility, as no non-existent thing has any sort of will, especially not the ability to bring things in to existence, and especially not itself. Allah asks us in the Quran:


{أَمْ خُلِقُوا مِنْ غَيْرِ شَيْءٍ أَمْ هُمُ الْخَالِقُونَ (35)} [الطور: 35]


Or were they created by nothing, or were they the creators [of themselves]? (53:35)


The above questions posed in the Quran are clearly rhetorical, as the answer to both of them is “No”. To summarize the issue of the question of the existence of the creator, we say that either everything was created by something, everything was created by nothing, or everything was created by multiple things. The Quran poses that the first scenario is the only one that makes any sort of sense, as the second one is clearly a fallacy because “nothing” cannot create anything. The third scenario is also an impossibility because if there were to be more than one being with creative powers, then one of them would have to have existed before the other(s) and the others would have required something to bring them in to existence just as all creations do. Since something cannot be both a creation and the Creator, all things after the first would be the former. The same is true for endings; if something would perish or cease to exist before another, then that thing would clearly be inferior. Therefore, there is no logical answer to the question of where did everything come from except to answer, “from something”. Although that something is not observable, all that is observable necessitates the knowledge of His existence as He is the true cause of theirs:


{هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ (23) هُوَ اللَّهُ الْخَالِقُ الْبَارِئُ الْمُصَوِّرُ لَهُ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ (24) } [الحشر: 23، 24]


He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, Knower of the unseen and the witnessed. He is the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allah above whatever they associate with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. (59:22-24)


The observable order in the universe is the second evidence of the existence and power of the One True Creator and Lord of the Universe. The fact that leading astrophysicists agree that the universe began as a singularity2 is a great indication of the oneness of its Originator, even if those astrophysicists deny His existence without offering any alternative explanation for the phenomena (because there is none!). A universe that began as a single point must have had a single origin. All forms of energy and matter that followed this singularity were subject to known and observable forces in measured ways. The facts that these laws of nature are universal and that there is no known part of the observable universe at any point in history indicates that there is one power over everything, the Creator of these laws. Consider the impossibility of the alternative:


{ لَوْ كَانَ فِيهِمَا آلِهَةٌ إِلَّا اللَّهُ لَفَسَدَتَا فَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ } [الأنبياء: 22]


Had there been in them [the heavens and earth] gods other than Allah, they both would have been subject to chaos. So exalted is Allah, Lord of the Throne, above what they describe. (21:22)



1- Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5653, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2754

2- A singularity is a single point of maximum density. You may refer to Stephen Hawking, The Beginning of Time,